The Communicable Disease Program (CD) is responsible to investigate reports of infectious disease in Macomb County in order to provide education to affected individuals to prevent the spread of disease, and to prevent outbreaks.
For a list of diseases that must be reported in Michigan, click here.
Laboratories, hospitals, nursing homes or physicians that need to report a disease should call (586) 783-8190 between 8:30 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., or FAX report to: (586) 493-0075.
Communicable Disease Fact Sheets (PDF)
Haemophilus Influenza Type B (Hib)
Legionellosis (Legionnaires' Disease)
Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Varicella (Chicken pox)
Viral (Aseptic) Meningitis
Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome - Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
Zika virus is spread to people through mosquito bites. Zika virus is found in tropical areas worldwide, and since 2015 in South and Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), and in travelers returning to the U.S.
This virus can be dangerous to pregnant women, and they should avoid or postpone travel to affected areas.
Protect yourself by using insect repellent and wearing long-sleeve shirts and pants. If you get sick after traveling see your doctor and tell them where you have traveled.
For more information, visit: CDC- Zika Virus.
Physicians that would like to request testing of patients that have traveled and have symptoms or are pregnant, please call our CD nurse line for consultation at: 586-783-8190. Tests must be approved by MDHHS via the local health department before submitting a sample to the CDC. Private laboratories are not able to perform Zika testing at this time.
On-line School and Child Care Weekly Communicable Disease Reporting
The Weekly School and Childcare Communicable Disease Reporting System is an important way for the Macomb County Health Department to monitor and prevent outbreaks of disease in our schools and child care centers. Disease prevention and control efforts depend on each facility's participation in the reporting process; continued commitment to complete reporting will assist public health in controlling communicable diseases in the community.
In 2010, the Disease Control Program of the Macomb County Health Department implemented an online reporting system to replace the paper reporting system for weekly communicable disease reporting. This year, the Disease Control Program requires online reporting. The program will no longer accept paper reports.
Please review the the two-page WEEKLY COMMUNICABLE DISEASE ONLINE REPORTING INSTRUCTIONS.
For additional information or questions, please contact the Communicable Disease hotline at 586-783-8190.
To submit the Weekly School and Childcare Report, please click on the following link:
MCHD ON-LINE REPORTING WEBSITE
Seasonal Influenza Vaccine (2015-2016)
Beginning September 28, 2015 seasonal flu vaccine will be available in our clinics for 2015-2016. It is recommended that all persons ages 6 months and older receive a yearly flu vaccination. Please call our Flu Vaccine Hotline: 586-466-7923 for more information.
Rabies/Animal Bites/Bat Exposure
Report all animal bites to the Macomb County Animal Control using this updated FORM. Fax the form to 586-783-0906 within 24 hours. The Animal Shelter will inform the Health Department of all reported bites. Please report any exposure to BATS or oddly behaving raccoons, skunks, or other wild life to the Macomb County Health Department at 586-783-8190.
A CD Nurse will follow-up on animal bites and exposures to determine risk for rabies, and potential need for rabies post-exposure vaccinations. Click this link to learn more about RABIES.
Avian Influenza is a viral disease that can affect all bird species and is generally carried by waterfowl (ducks, geese, etc.) that usually do not become ill. Poultry (chicken, turkey) however, may become very ill and/or die from the "highly pathogenic" types.
Human infections with avian influenza is rare, and are more likely to happen when a person has close contact with sick or dead birds. If you see several sick or dead waterfowl contact the Michigan Department of Natural Resources at 517-336-5030. If you have sick or dead poultry, contact the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) at 800-292-3939.
Communicable Disease Data
The CD Program creates a Reportable Disease Summary for each month, below by most recent and year-end reports. The 2012 report goes back to 2010, making counts for the past five years available.
Insect-Related Illness Prevention
MOSQUITOES: Mosquito bites are mostly a nuisance. Unfortunately, they can also cause serious illness or death when the mosquito carries a disease. In Macomb County, mosquitoes carry the risk of West Nile Disease.
Travelers to tropical or semi-tropical areas are also at risk for dengue, malaria, yellow fever, chickungunya and zika, all transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes. For destination specific information, visit the Macomb County Travel page.
PROTECT YOURSELF: Use insect repellent that contains DEET, Picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or IR3535; wear long sleeves and pants when possible, maintain window screens in good condition and eliminate standing water around your home, and use bed netting if the location warrants it, and in malarial areas take prophylaxis before, during, and after your trip.
If you become ill after traveling, see your doctor and tell them where you traveled.
TICKS: Ticks are known to carry many diseases such as Lyme Disease, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, babesiosis, anaplasmosis, erlichiosis, and more. A person may experience severe symptoms soon after a bite, to significant problems years later if left untreated. For more information, click here.
PROTECT YOURSELF: Use insect repellent that contains DEET, Picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or IR3535; wear long sleeves and pants when possible, stay away from brush/leafy areas and stay in the middle of the trail when hiking. When you get back, inspect yourself and your equipment, remove any ticks immediately, and shower to wash off any unattached ticks.
If you experience any of the following symptoms, especially if you found an attached tick(s) to your body, see your doctor and tell them about the tick:
- Muscle ache
- Fatigue (feeling very tired)
Pertussis (Whooping Cough) Information
Pertussis is a respiratory illness that starts out very similar to the common cold (runny nose, sneezing, coughing) but progresses to include severe coughing. Infants and young children cough so forcefully, they are forced to inhale with a "whooping sound." The best way to prevent pertussis is to get vaccinated and to get infants and young children vaccinated on time. Adults and teens need a booster, especially if they are around infants and young children. Over the last several years, there has been a spike in pertussis cases, and infants and young children are most likely to be hospitalized with complications from pertussis. For more information on pertussis, visit the links listed below.
MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) Information
The following links will provide up-to-date information on MRSA. If you have additional questions, please contact us.